The Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2023: A Comprehensive Guide


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In the dynamic world of software development, choosing the right programming languages to master can make all the difference in your career trajectory. The continuous evolution of technology has made certain languages more relevant due to the recent trends in cross-platform development, trending frameworks, salary considerations, and the significant role of artificial intelligence (AI) in software development. Let’s dive in and explore the top languages you should consider learning in 2023.


With its robust frameworks and libraries such as React.js, Vue.js, and Angular.js, JavaScript has been a constant favorite among developers. It’s crucial for web development, allowing you to create interactive elements on websites, and is also a key player in the cross-platform mobile app development realm with React Native. Coupled with Node.js, JavaScript extends to the server-side, making it a versatile language for both front-end and back-end development. As of 2023, it remains a top-paid programming language and is an essential asset in every developer’s toolkit.


Python continues to be a dominant player, largely due to its simplicity and readability, making it an excellent choice for beginners. It’s extensively used in machine learning, AI, and data science — fields that have seen tremendous growth and investment recently. Python’s web development frameworks like Django and Flask have been gaining popularity, and with the emergence of TensorFlow and PyTorch, Python has solidified its position in the AI sphere.


If you’re interested in developing native iOS or macOS apps, Swift is the way to go. Swift is designed to be easy to use, and it’s faster and more secure than its predecessor, Objective-C. Additionally, the introduction of SwiftUI, a user interface toolkit, has made Swift a more compelling choice for Apple application development. The demand for Swift developers, coupled with Apple’s market dominance, ensures competitive compensation rates.


Kotlin is a statically-typed language, developed by JetBrains, and is now Google’s preferred language for Android app development. Its interoperability with Java, along with its more intuitive and cleaner syntax, has encouraged many developers to switch. Kotlin is not just confined to Android development; it’s expanding to web development and server-side development with frameworks like Ktor, making Kotlin a good choice for developers seeking versatility.


The most loved programming language for the past few years, according to Stack Overflow’s Developer Survey, Rust is gaining significant traction. Rust’s emphasis on performance, memory safety, and concurrency makes it an attractive choice for system development. Companies like Microsoft are increasingly investing in Rust to replace C and C++ due to its safety advantages, suggesting a promising future for Rust developers.


TypeScript, a statically typed superset of JavaScript, has seen a substantial rise in popularity. It brings type safety to JavaScript, resulting in more robust codebases and enhancing developer productivity with improved tooling and autocompletion. Many JavaScript frameworks like Angular and Vue, as well as Node.js, recommend using TypeScript, and its demand in the job market is on the rise.

Final Words

While these languages represent some of the best to learn in 2023, remember that the “best” language often depends on specific project requirements, your career goals, and your personal interest. Don’t overlook the importance of understanding fundamental programming concepts, as they transfer across languages.

Moreover, programming is not just about languages. Version control systems (like Git), databases, testing frameworks, deployment tools, and cloud platforms are other essential skills for a modern developer.

In the era of AI and machine learning, developers should also understand the basics of these fields. Languages like Python can be a stepping stone into these technologies.



The Modern Developer Academy - by Alex Madrazo

Guatemalan software enthusiast in Madrid, leading high-performing engineering teams. Passionate about tech, entrepreneurship, and economics.